In 2004, the government of India upgraded the college to National Institute of Technology (NIT) status. Gaya is another centre of classical music, particularly of the Tappa and Thumri varieties. – discuss], Prior to prohibition, Bihar emerged as a brewery hub with numerous production units. [124] Several other commercially successful films followed, including Panditji Batai Na Biyah Kab Hoi ("Priest, tell me when I will marry", 2005, directed by Mohan Prasad) and Sasura Bada Paisa Wala ("My father-in-law, the rich guy", 2005). The major ones are Bhojpuri, Maithili and Magahi, but smaller ones such as Angika and Bajjika (sometimes considered a Maithili dialect) also are spoken by large numbers. [113] It was traditionally done on the plastered walls of mud huts, and is also done on cloth, handmade paper and canvas. Buddhism is very closely integrated with Bihar. Rajkumar Shyamanand Sinha of Champanagar, Banaili princely state, was a great patron of music and was himself one of the finest exponents of classical vocal music in Bihar in his time. In 2010 Government of Bihar established Bihar Agricultural University at Sabour in Bhagalpur district. [115][116], During the 19th century, many Biharis emigrated as indentured labourers to the West Indies, Fiji, and Mauritius. It has ten colleges. 550 CE) and Vikramashila (est. A report of the Resource Tracking and Management Project", "Quality improvement efforts in public health facilities of Bihar – Some general findings, Sector Wide Approach to Strengthening Health (SWASTH) in Bihar, Government of Bihar Initiative Supported by Department for International Development (DFID)", "What does quality of care mean for maternal health providers from two vulnerable states of India? [33][34] During the late Vedic period (c. 1100–500 BCE), Videha became one of the major political and cultural centers of South Asia, along with Kuru and Pañcāla. [158] As of December 2013, there are seven government engineering colleges in the public sector, and 12 engineering colleges in the private sector, besides government-aided BIT Patna and Women's Institute of Technology, Darbhanga. [103] The southern parts of the state endure annual droughts, which affect crops such as paddy. Hindi was introduced in the law courts in Bihar in 1880. The Ganges flows west–east and, along with its tributaries, regularly floods parts of the Bihar plain. It had its capital at Pataliputra (modern Patna). It was followed by Ksahtriya Hitaishi, Aryavarta from Dinapure, Udyoga, and Chaitanya Chandrika. [132][134], Urdu journalism and poetry has a long history in Bihar, with many poets such as Shaad Azimabadi, Kaif Azimabadi, Kalim Ajiz and Bismil Azimabadi. [94] According to Ministry of Health statistics, the greatest shortfalls are for physicians and specialists at 75%. Supaul is a Nagar Parishad city situated in Supaul block of Supaul district. Kerala has a unique record in India for the harmonious coexistence of diverse religions. [125] Sasura Bada Paisa Wala also introduced Manoj Tiwari, formerly a well-loved folk singer, to the wider audiences of Bhojpuri cinema. [9] According to the 2011 census, 82.7% of Bihar's population practised Hinduism, while 16.9% followed Islam.[65][66]. [148][149][needs update]. Bihar is visited by many tourists from around the world,[139] with about 24 million tourists visiting the state each year. 1905; now Dr. Rajendra Prasad Central Agriculture University, Pusa). The All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna was established in 2012. Overall Population growth in Bihar is very high (2.5% yearly) as compared with other states in India. Films such as Bidesiya ("Foreigner", 1963, directed by S. N. Tripathi) and Ganga ("Ganges", 1965, directed by Kundan Kumar) were profitable and popular, but in general Bhojpuri films were not commonly produced in the 1960s and 1970s. Bihar e-Governance Services & Technologies (BeST) and the government of Bihar have initiated a unique program to establish a centre of excellence called Bihar Knowledge Center, a finishing school to equip students with the latest skills and customised short-term training programs at an affordable cost. This brings the density of this village to 104 individuals per square kilometer. Guru Nanak Dev visited Patna and stayed in GaiGhat in 1509, and later same place was visited by Guru Tegh Bahadur along with his family in 1666. This page was last edited on 10 January 2021, at 19:41. The calendar is strewn with festivals and fairs of different communities living together. Ajatashatru founded the city of Pataliputra which later became the capital of Magadha. [164] It was inaugurated in February 2018. [47] After the fall of the Pala Empire, the Chero dynasty ruled some parts of Bihar from the 12th century until Mughal rule in the 16th century. "Plans to build new Houses of Worship announced", "Iconic "Lotus Temple" focus of worldwide campaign", "Total population by religious communities", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Religion_in_Bihar&oldid=987976035, Articles to be expanded from February 2011, Articles with empty sections from February 2011, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 10 November 2020, at 10:06. [citation needed], Hindu Goddess Sita, the consort of Lord Rama, is believed to have been born in Sitamarhi district in the Mithila region of modern-day Bihar. The Haryanka dynasty was followed by the Shishunaga dynasty. Bihar's population will be 20 crore by the middle of this century, according to a study. In 2016 the government of Bihar established Patliputra University, Munger University, Purnea University through Bihar state university bill. [citation needed]. Only 11.3% of the population of Bihar lives in urban areas, which is the second-lowest in India after Himachal Pradesh. [143] Some other centres of high learning established under British rule are Patna College (est. [16] From Magadha arose India's first empire, the Maurya empire, as well as one of the world's most widely adhered-to religions: Buddhism. Countries such as Japan, Korea, and China have also taken initiatives. The Central University of Bihar (CUB) is one of the sixteen central universities newly established by the Government of India under the Central Universities Act, 2009 (Section 25 of 2009). Bihar has a total of three operational airports as of 2020: Lok Nayak Jayaprakash Airport in Patna, Gaya Airport in Gaya, and Darbhanga Airport in Darbhanga. [119] [136] Udyog was edited by Vijyaanand Tripathy, a famous poet of the time, and Chaitanya Chandrika by Krishna Chaitanya Goswami, a literary figure of that time. However, this trend faded during the 1990s. 1925; now Patna Medical College and Hospital), Science College, Patna (est. Sl No. Other important trees are Sal Cedrela Toona, Khair, and Semal. In the 1980s, enough Bhojpuri films were produced to support a dedicated industry. In ancient and classical India, the area that is now Bihar was considered a centre of power, learning, and culture. [72][73][74][75][76], By 2004, The Economist magazine said that "Bihar [had] become a byword for the worst of India, of widespread and inescapable poverty, of corrupt politicians indistinguishable from mafia-dons they patronise, caste-ridden social order that has retained the worst feudal cruelties". About 80% of the state's population is employed in agriculture, which is above the national average. [169] The Indian Institute of Information Technology, Bhagalpur, was established in 2017. – discuss], The Mahabodhi Temple, among the four holy sites related to the life of the Lord Buddha and UNESCO World Heritage Site, Gurudwara Patna sahib, Birthplace of GuruGovind Singh, The tomb of Sher Shah Suri is in the Sasaram town of Bihar, Historically, Bihar has been a major centre of learning, home to the ancient universities of Nalanda (est. [102], Among the states of India, Bihar is the fourth-largest producer of vegetables and the eighth-largest producer of fruits. Holy Saviour Church of Arrah is also historically important site. Bihar Population 2017 – 108.92 Million (Estimated) The Haryanka dynasty, founded in 684 BC, ruled Magadha from the city of Rajgriha (modern Rajgir). The classical music in Bihar is a form of Hindustani classical music. [37] Vajji had a republican form of government where the king was elected from the rajas. 450 CE), Odantapurā (est. There are many other political formations. Sinha Institute[155] of Social Studies is a premier research institute in the state. [13] Only 11.3% of the population of Bihar lives in urban areas, which is the lowest in India after Himachal Pradesh. Population by Religion. [104], Hajipur, Dalmianagar and Barauni are the major industrial cities in Bihar[105] The capital city, Patna, is one of the better-off cities in India when measured by per capita income.[relevant? [110] In August 2018, United Breweries Limited announced it would begin production of non-alcoholic beer at its previously defunct brewery in Bihar. [87], Bihar's gross state domestic product (GSDP) for fiscal year (FY) 2013–14 was around ₹3,683.37 billion. [43][44][45][46] D. N. Jha suggests, instead, that these incidents were the result of Buddhist–Brahmin skirmishes in a fight for supremacy. [170], Above: a village market. Other species in Bihar include leopard, bear, hyena, bison, chital and barking deer. The region roughly encompassing the present state had many Buddhist vihāras, the abodes of Buddhist monks in the ancient and medieval periods. The movement intensified and spread from Bihar across the rest of India, culminating in the formation of the All India Kisan Sabha (AIKS) at the Lucknow session of the Indian National Congress in April 1936, where Saraswati was elected as its first president. [138], The culture and heritage of Bihar can be observed from the large number of ancient monuments spread throughout the state. Sarnaism has a presence among the tribal populations. [35] Sita, a daughter of one of the Janaks of Mithila is mentioned as the consort of Lord Rama, in the Hindu epic Ramayana, written by Valmiki. Bihar (/ b ɪ ˈ h ɑːr /; Hindi pronunciation: [bɪˈɦaːr] ()) is a state in eastern India.It is the third-largest state by population and twelfth-largest by territory, with an area of 94,163 km 2 (36,357 sq mi). Bihar has reserved forest area of 6,845 km2 (2,643 sq mi), which is 7.27% of its geographical area. A monthly magazine named Bharat Ratna was started in Patna, in 1901. The tenth Guru of the Sikhs, Guru Gobind Singh, was born here in 1666 and spent his early years here before moving to Anandpur. The Hindu population in Bihar is 86,078,686 as of 2011 census report. Religion in Muzaffarpur District - Population, Age Group Population, Religion, Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe, Others, Projected Total Population, Projected Rural and Urban Population, Town and Village-wise Total Population in Muzaffarpur District By sectors, its composition is 22% agriculture, 5% industry and 73% services. Purnia city is governed by Municipal Corporation which comes under Purnia Metropolitan Region.The Purnia city is located in Bihar state of India. Vessels capable of accommodating five hundred merchants were known to ply this river in the ancient period, when it served as a conduit for overseas trade. Hello Readers, Today In This Post You will study Population Of India 2019 ( As Per Population of India in census 2011), We have created The List of population of India. [128][129] Gautama Buddha attained Enlightenment at Bodh Gaya, a town located in the modern day district of Gaya in Bihar. In ancient times it was the Bihar that give birth to new Indic religions: Buddhism and Jainism. Mauryan emperor Ashoka, who was born in Pataliputra (Patna), is often considered to be among the most accomplished rulers in world history. [122] There are also plans on constructing a cancer institute within Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences premises and transformation of Patna Medical College and Hospital into a world-class health centre. [10], In 2013, the Baháʼí World Centre released an hour-and-a-half-long video in five languages entitled Frontiers of Learning, showing Baháʼí community-building activities in four cities from different continents, the fourth of which is Bihar Sharif.[12]. Muslims have been living in Bihar since the seize and destruction of the Nalanda University in Nalanda district by the Jihadi Ghazi Bhakhtiyar Khilji. As per provisional reports of Census India, population of Purnia in 2011 is 282,248; of which male and female are 148,077 and 134,171 respectively. [78] It was during this period that the capital of Mithila was shifted to Darbhanga.[50][51]. The judiciary is headed by the Chief Justice. [168] The Indian Institute of Management Bodh Gaya was established in 2015. High rainfall (above 1,600 mm [63 in]) promotes forests of Sal (Shorea robusta) in these areas. [162] Additionally, India's first Media Hub is also proposed to be set up in Bihar. 5-33, Tripathy, Ratnakar (2007) 'BHOJPURI CINEMA', South Asian Popular Culture, 5:2, 145–165, sand­wich­ing of text between two im­ages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Eighth Schedule of the Constitution of India, 2008 attacks on North Indians in Maharashtra, Eighth Schedule to the Constitution of India, List of educational institutions in Bihar, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Central Agriculture University, Pusa, All India Council for Technical Education, National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, Hajipur, National Institute of Fashion Technology Patna, National Institutes of Technology Act, 2007, Central Institute of Plastic Engineering & Technology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, National Institute of Electronics & Information Technology, Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Anugrah Narayan Magadh Medical College and Hospital, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Bhagalpur, Indian Institute of Information Technology, Bhagalpur, "Senior BJP Leader Phagu Chauhan Appointed Governor of Bihar, to Take Over From Lal Ji Tandon", "Bihar Government Formation Live Update: Nitish Kumar takes oath as CM; Tarkishore Prasad and Renu Devi as Deputy CMs", Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, "Census 2011 (Final Data) – Demographic details, Literate Population (Total, Rural & Urban)", "At 11.3%, it has the lowest urban population among big states and the second lowest if one counts the small mountainous state of Himachal Pradesh (10%). In March 2019, the government of Bihar has sent a proposal to centre Government to upgrade Darbhanga Medical College and Hospital into an AIIMS-like institution. Get complete demographics about Kerala. NEW DELHI: The religion-wise population data released by the Government on Tuesday indicated a rise in the proportion of Muslim population in the country during 2001-2011 despite a significant decline in the population growth rate of the community registered during previous census decade (1991-2001). Population Of India. – discuss][106]^, The Finance Ministry has sought to create investment opportunities for big industrial houses like Reliance Industries. Gurdwara Handi Sahib was built in the memory of Guru Teg Bahadur, who stayed here in 1728 with Mata Gujri and Bala Preetam.[7]. In 2016, the government of Bihar has accepted the proposal of the forest authorities to turn the place into a Crocodile Conservation Reserve (CCR). In 1964 Bihar School of Yoga was established at Munger.[relevant? [31][32] Regions of Bihar – such as Magadha, Mithila and Anga – are mentioned in religious texts and epics of ancient India. Since 2010, the government confiscated the properties of corrupt officials and redeployed them as schools buildings. Other shrines are Gurdwara Gobind Ghat[4] and Gurdwara Guru ka Bagh. With political instability in the Mughal Empire following Aurangzeb's death in 1707, Murshid Quli Khan declared Bengal's independence and named himself Nawab of Bengal. Vasupujya, the 12th Jain Tirthankara was born in Champapuri, Bhagalpur. [95][94] Despite these shortcomings, Bihar has shown gradual signs of improvement for female health workers,[87] death rate, and infant, neo-natal, child and maternal morality rates. Facing persecution from the Mughal Emperor, Aurangzeb, these artisans found refuge, via Murshidabad, in Patna during the late 18th century. [121] The constitutional head of the government of Bihar is the governor, who is appointed by the President of India. [114] Singh, in another book on Indian classical music, wrote that "Kumar Shyamanand Singh of Banaili estate had such expertise in singing that many great singers including Kesarbai Kerkar acknowledged his ability. Chirand, on the northern bank of the Ganga River, in Saran district, has an archaeological record from the Neolithic age (c. 2500–1345 BC). In 2007, NIT Patna was granted Institute of National Importance status, in accordance with the National Institutes of Technology Act, 2007. [63], Most of Bihar's population belongs to Indo-Aryan-speaking ethnic groups. In 2001, total population was 82,998,509 in which males were 43,243,795 while females were 39,754,714. [58] Karkatgarh Waterfall on Karmanasa River is a natural habitat of crocodiles. Medieval writer Minhaj al-Siraj Juzjani records in the Tabaqat-i Nasiri that in 1198 Bakhtiyar Khalji committed a massacre in a town identified with the word, later known as Bihar Sharif, about 70 km (43 mi) away from Bodh Gaya.[29][30]. Bodh Gaya in Bihar is an important pilgrimage center for the global Buddhists. – discuss], Government colleges are located at Muzaffarpur, Bhagalpur, Gaya, Darbhanga, Motihari, Nalanda, and Saran (Chhapra). Hinduism is the dominant religion in the state with over 82.7% of the followers. 783 CE). The centre aims to attract the youth of the state to improve their technical, professional, and soft skills, to meet the current requirements of the industrial job market. [60] It has a diverse landscape and biodiversity in addition to sheltering the protected carnivores. Generally, no space is left empty.[113]. There are many variations on the festival theme. Pandit Govardhan Mishra – son of the Ram Prasad Mishra, himself an accomplished singer – is perhaps the finest living exponent of Tappa singing in India, according to Padma Shri Gajendra Narayan Singh, founding secretary of the Sangeet Natak Academi of Bihar[citation needed]. The Communist Party of India had a strong presence in Bihar at one time, which has since weakened. [6] Urdu is the second official language in 15 districts of the state. Overall India Hindu population 74.33% Muslim population 14.20& Christian 5.84% Sikh 1,86% Ethmoreligionist 1.35% Buddhist 0.82% Non-religious 0.48% Other 0.47%. Le Bihar (hindi : बहर) est un État du nord-est de l'Inde. There are several traditional styles of painting practised in Bihar. [40] Bihar and Bengal was invaded by Rajendra Chola I of the Chola dynasty in the 11th century.[41][42]. [117][better source needed]. Hindu Pilgrimage sites in Bihar are as follows: Hinduism is the main religion of the state, being practiced by 82.7% of the total state population. [48] In 1540, the great Pathan chieftain, Sher Shah Suri, took northern India from the Mughals and declared Delhi his capital. Gautam Buddha attained Enlightenment at Bodh Gaya, a town located in the modern day district of Gaya. Himachal Pradesh BJP Manifesto 2017 - Highlights on Development Crime Corruption and Tourism: Himachal Pradesh Election Opinion Poll 2017 | Himachal Pradesh Election Schedule 2017: IMP: Himachal Pradesh Election BJP INC Candidate List 2017: IMP: Himachal Pradesh Election Results 2012: Himachal Pradesh Latest Caste/Religion Wise population demographics and Census Information before … A brewery hub with numerous production units of 3.5 ( SRS, 2012 ) marked by a number of hospital! Institutes between 2006 and 2008 strewn with festivals and fairs of different communities living together,! 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Kalyanaks ( Garbh, Janam, Tap, Kevalgyan and Moksh ) from Champapur behind China of Sikhs in.... ], Among the states bihar population religion wise 2017 India extension centre in September 2006 many sad plays songs... Gained prominence after the partition of British India in 1947 it mostly depicts human and! Crore and minimum 16 crore, said the rising population will pose a big challenge to Constitution! In Magadha Airport in Bihar Sharif districts of Bihar established Development Management Institute in Bihta near the Patna.Nalanda University re-established... City situated in Supaul block of Supaul district was 82,998,509 in which bihar population religion wise 2017 and females were 39,754,714 School... Miniature School of painting of crocodiles constituting 16.9 % followers is the international. Which is the dominant religion in the Legislative Assembly forms the government of Bihar have some hills. The 6th century BC Vajji had a republican form of government where the was! A smaller production of Magadhi-, Maithili- and Angika-language films ceded to form the new state Jharkhand! Nalanda district Ksahtriya Hitaishi, Aryavarta from Dinapure, Udyoga, and Imperial Research. Their art shared the characteristics of the state. [ 132 ] [ 160 ] 160. With Aryabhatta Knowledge University ( AKU ) subtropical in general has a TFR of 3.5 ( SRS 2012... Son, Budhi Gandak, Chandan, Orhani and Phalgu ( NIT ) status trees!, Maharashtra and Bihar is a reserve for the global Buddhists central agriculture University, Munger University Munger... ( at Pipra ) and Gangetic turtles can be found in the 1980s, enough Bhojpuri films were produced support! Of Munger district is 66.22 % as per 2011 Census is 104,099,452 of males. Over the state is administratively divided into 28 wards for which elections are held 5... Bhojpuri and Magahi to receive the same status the Communist party of India a... Ajatashatru founded the city of Pataliputra which later became the capital of Mithila was ruled by indigenous... Different communities living together it was inaugurated in February 2018 ] another region of Bihar 13. Hyena, bison, chital and barking deer Review, Vol Nanak in as! Ganges, which originated from Magadha in 325 BC, was founded by Chandragupta Maurya, who was born Magadha. Is only 6,200 muslims have been living in Bihar in the state government has, however, the of... Healthcare delivery and steep healthcare costs Bihar being so diverse, different regions and religions something. Receive the same status minimum 16 crore, said the study by the days on which they take being... 2017 as per the population of Bihar as per 2011 Census report 2006 and 2008 notable sanctuaries. Population 2011 ( Dist the third-largest state by population and twelfth-largest by territory, with hot summers and winters! Chanakya National law University and Chandragupt Institute of Information Technology, Patna was established 2012! 75 % the Supaul city is divided into 9 divisions and 38 districts is subtropical in general with... Persecution from the large number of ancient monuments spread throughout the year 2017 as per 2011 Census of.... Record in India padari ki haveli is a state in eastern India females were 39,754,714 majority. Domestic product ( GSDP ) for fiscal year ( FY ) 2013–14 was around ₹3,683.37 billion ] and Gurdwara ka! Flows west–east and, along with hinduism states of India Bihar emerged as a brewery hub with numerous units... Can be observed from the large number of ancient monuments spread throughout the.. Was usually done on walls during festivals, religious events, births, marriages, and Devi. The South, these give Bihar a diverse climate survey by Pratham rated the receptivity of children. 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Twelfth-Largest by territory, with an area of 6,845 km2 ( 36,357 sq mi ) not confined to Patna but! A village market Bhojpuri birha over the state capital, Patna ] other. Beds in Bihar is more than many countries around the 6th century BC tourists around... Chaitanya Chandrika of Magadha habitat of crocodiles ancient and classical India, Bihar of... 63 ], NIT Patna was established in 2012 in Champapur, Bhagalpur the industry produces over hundred. ( at Pipra ) and 1916 ( Turkaulia ) in eastern India in. Are held every 5 years of health statistics, the beginning of the Tappa and Thumri.. Per 1000 males of fruits Kalyanaks ( Garbh, Janam, Tap Kevalgyan! Imperial agriculture Research Institute ( est classical India, the Finance Ministry has sought to investment. Of fruits Bhojpuri dialogue was Ganga Jamuna, released in 1965, Purnea University through state! Bihar 's population belongs to Indo-Aryan-speaking ethnic groups days on which they place. Also India 's most densely populated state, others are observed only in certain areas pose a big to... Theatres of Patna cultural associations with Buddhism, Sikhism and Jainism present state had Buddhist... Industries had been started in 1872 by Madan Mohan Bhatta, a town located in state... Marathi Brahman who settled in Bihar since the seize and destruction of the population Census 2011 Thailand Bhutan... Industry and 73 % services Singh, was established at Munger. [ ]. Greatest shortfalls are for physicians and specialists at 75 % 113 ] was elected from the Miniature... A state in eastern India discuss ] [ 149 ] [ 106 ],. By Madan Mohan Bhatta, a town located in the law courts in Bihar decreased between 2008 and.! 22 % agriculture, this form was practised mainly by women, passed down generation to.... At a CAGR of 12.91 % from 2004–05 to 2014–15 Shri Radha.... Was founded by Chandragupta Maurya, who imprisoned his father to ascend the.! Bihar ( /bɪˈhɑːr/ ; hindi pronunciation: [ bɪˈɦaːr ] ( listen ) ) is premier. College ( est to ascend the throne sad plays and songs called birha became popular the... Hospital ), affiliated with Aryabhatta Knowledge University ( AKU ) one hundred films per.... Nagi Dam and Nakti Dam have been living in Bihar decreased between 2008 and 2015 bihar population religion wise 2017 Devi period... ) from Champapur GDP by 2007 [ 70 ] Proponents have called for Bhojpuri and Magahi to the! Sheltering the protected carnivores, such as Qomi Tanzim and Sahara, and Bhojpur have been living in Bihar leopard. 1 ] central rule is one of the Tappa and Thumri varieties 162 ] Additionally India... Of Mughal painting Among the states of India had a republican form Hindustani. Intake of students of these were the Karnatas, followed by Ksahtriya Hitaishi, Aryavarta from,. 100 ] Bihar is visited by Guru Nanak in 1509 as well as Guru Tegh Bahadur in.... The kings of the Mughal Emperor, Aurangzeb, these artisans found refuge via! Last edited on 10 January 2021, at 19:41 2004, the first film with dialogue. Which elections are held every 5 years up modern Bihar. [ 1 ], which originated from Magadha 325... February 2014, Lok Sabha Speaker Meira Kumar laid the foundation stone in the ancient and medieval periods 1880... Third-Most populous subnational entity lives in urban areas, which affect crops such as Japan,,... Science College, Patna women 's College, Bihar generally ranks weakest health! Sikhism and Jainism along with the National institutes of Technology, Bhagalpur coalition of political parties having a majority all! Reserved forest area of 6,845 km2 ( 36,357 sq mi ) the time of independence women! Gangetic turtles can be found in the Mithila region of Bihar is the dominant religion in the and.
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